Medicine at the pulse of time: Innovations and trends at MEDICA 2019 -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Image: Scientist pipettes a DNA sample into a tube; Copyright: westend61

westend61

Cancers and heart disease could be diagnosed more easily with new rapid test

12/08/2022

Imperial researchers have built a new easy-to-use test that could diagnose non-infectious diseases like heart attacks and cancers more quickly.
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Image: Elderly man and woman doing fitness exercises on an exercise mat, raising their hand in the air.; Copyright: stockfilmstudio

stockfilmstudio

Exercise improves cardiorespiratory fitness in adults with chronic kidney disease

11/08/2022

This randomized trial recently published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases (AJKD) found that a 12- month program of in-center aerobic and resistance exercise program improved physical functioning among adults 55 years and older with CKD stages G3b-4 and a high level of medical comorbidities.
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Image: Two smiling men are standing in front of a large, box-shaped device with a glass front – Prof. Niels Voigt, Dr. Thomas Mager; Copyright: mbexc

mbexc

Unique technology platform for cellular electrophysiology and optogenetics

26/07/2022

Electrical activity is one of the most important common features of the heart and the brain. The goal of the Göttingen Cluster of Excellence "Multiscale Bioimaging: From Molecular Machines to Networks of Excitable Cells (MBExC)" is to understand the functional properties of cardiomyocytes and neurons, which form the smallest electrically active units of both organs.
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Image: surgical team of three people around a cardiac surgeon in an operating room looking at an echocardiogram on a screen; Copyright: westend 61

westend61

Is it a heart attack or something else? How artificial intelligence can support diagnostics

22/07/2022

Chest pain, shortness of breath, a brief loss of consciousness – warning signs that suggest a heart attack. But it might also be Takotsubo syndrome, also known as stress cardiomyopathy or broken heart syndrome with symptoms that resemble a heart attack. Yet it is of utmost importance to differentiate between the two conditions to initiate the right treatment.
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Image: A photographed ECMO machine in the hospital; Copyright: 2019 Kiryl Lis/Shutterstock

2019 Kiryl Lis/Shutterstock

ECMO: prostaglandin E1 reduces risk for patients

20/07/2022

In case of heart and/or lung failure, an ECMO machine can be used to maintain organ function for days or even weeks. Although extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) technology has advanced, its use can still cause fatal complications in patients.
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Bild: Doctor explains the patient's heart disease at the bedside using a cardiological figure ; Copyright: DC_Studio

DC_Studio

Abnormal heart metabolism may predict future sudden cardiac death

15/07/2022

Adults with abnormal heart metabolism are up to three times more likely to experience life-threatening arrhythmias (an irregular heart rhythm), and MRI techniques could be used to detect the condition and predict future sudden cardiac death (SCD), according to a small, but rigorous study led by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers.
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Bild: A Full-scale four-chambered human heart model composed of single-micrometer fibers ; Copyright: Disease Biophysics Group/Harvard SEAS

Disease Biophysics Group/Harvard SEAS

Major step forward for organ biofabrication

13/07/2022

By recreating the helical structure of heart muscles, researchers improve understanding of how the heart beats.
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Image: A man undergoes an X-ray examination, a doctor looks at the result of the bone density scan; Copyright: Getty

Getty

Quick, easy scan can reveal late-life dementia risk

30/06/2022

A long-term study has shown a common bone density scan can also show calcified plaque build-up in the abdominal aorta - revealing if someone is at increased risk of developing dementia.
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Image: Chest CT data interpreted by AI; Copyright: American Roentgen Ray Society

American Roentgen Ray Society

AI saves one hour of daily chest CT interpretation time in study

17/06/2022

Cardiothoracic radiologists exhibited a 22.1% reduction in chest CT interpretations times when having access to results from an automated AI support platform during real-world clinical practice.
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Image: A tube made of a fiber mesh; Copyright: Andreas Heddergott/TUM

Andreas Heddergott/TUM

3D printed, bioinspired heart valves

06/06/2022

Researchers have developed 3D printed artificial heart valves designed to allow a patient’s own cells to form new tissue. To form these scaffolds using melt electrowriting – an advanced additive manufacturing technique – the team has created a new fabrication platform that enables them to combine different precise, customized patterns and hence to fine-tune the scaffold’s mechanical properties.
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Image: smiling man in a suit in front of a MRI machine - Prof Andrew Jabbour; Copyright: Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute

Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute

Virtual biopsy set to transform heart transplant care

02/06/2022

The days of heart transplant survivors undergoing invasive biopsies could soon be over after a new MRI technique has proven to be safe and effective; reducing complications and hospital admissions.
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Image: elderly man holding his chest in pain; Copyright: anontae2522

anontae2522

Speech analysis app predicts worsening heart failure before symptom onset

25/05/2022

A voice analysis app used by heart failure patients at home recognises fluid in the lungs three weeks before an unplanned hospitalisation or escalation in outpatient drug treatment.
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Image: A woman is pushed into an MRI; Copyright: Wavebreakmedia

Wavebreakmedia

Hyperpolarized nuclear MR: more precise diagnoses and personalized therapies

17/05/2022

Hyperpolarized nuclear magnetic resonance enables major medical advances in molecular diagnostics, for example for cardiovascular diseases or cancer therapy. Within the framework of the EU collaborative project "MetaboliQs", seven partners developed a microscopy method which enables the analysis of metabolic processes at the single cell level by means of diamond-based hyperpolarization.
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Image: Blood sample labelled

panthermedia.net/olanstock

Cardiac diagnostics – prompt and personalized

08/11/2019

If physicians suspect an acute myocardial infarction, they first order an ECG. This test is very established and allows cardiologists to quickly diagnose acute heart attacks – though the test does not detect less common heart attack symptoms. So far, those patients had to wait up to twelve hours before a heart attack could be accurately diagnosed or ruled out. But things are about the change.
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Image: Two screens with picture of the circulatory system in a catheter laboratory; Copyright: panthermedia.net/sudok1

MEDICA TECH FORUM: light-based imaging technique OCT

04/11/2019

Since its inception, MEDICA TECH FORUM has focused on the implementation of innovations and new technologies into clinical practice. 2019 marks the tenth year of the Forum. In honor of its anniversary, we will brighten things up a bit, as one of the focal points will highlight how optical coherence tomography (OCT) uses light to produce images.
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Image: Man with mouthguard and laboratory glasses holding Petri dish up; Copyright: panthermedia.net/kasto

panthermedia.net/kasto

Cardiac Tissue Engineering: a heart out of the Petri dish

23/09/2019

For patients waiting for donor organs, every day can mean the difference between life and death. Making things even more complicated is the fact that not every organ is a compatible match with the patient. It would mean enormous progress if we could grow organs from the patient's own cells in the lab. That's why patients with heart disease place big hope in tissue engineering.
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Image: Wrist with smartwatch, which measures the pulse rate; Copyright: panthermedia.net / Lev Dolgachov

panthermedia.net / Lev Dolgachov

mHealth: Atrial fibrillation detection – App supports heart health

08/05/2019

Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of persistent cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heart rhythm). Researchers estimate that 1.8 million Germans are presently affected by this disease. The condition is difficult to diagnose, frequently goes undetected and may result in a stroke. A new smartwatch medical app is designed to help patients detect atrial fibrillation before it’s too late.
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Image: Man on a treatment table under a radiation therapy device; Copyright: panthermedia.net/adriaticphoto

panthermedia.net/adriaticphoto

Cardiac arrhythmia: treatment in the linear accelerator

08/04/2019

Cardiac arrhythmia is a group of conditions where nerve cells trigger uncontrolled contractions of the heart muscle. They are treated with either medicine or catheter ablation of the tissue. In an interdisciplinary collaboration, cardiologists and radiotherapists took a different approach and used high-precision radiation therapy to treat a patient for whom the other options proved unfeasible.
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