Image: On a hand is painted a stop sign. In the background is written in big letters HIV; Copyright: panthermedia.net/filipefrazao

A path toward ending AIDS in the US by 2025

16/05/2017

A new study describes an ambitious but feasible path toward what may have seemed unachievable just a decade ago: an end to the AIDS epidemic in the U.S. Using prevention surveillance data to model rates of HIV incidence, prevalence and mortality, investigators set targets, specifically a decrease in new infections to 21,000 by 2020 and to 12,000 by 2025.
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Wasted food means wasted nutrients

16/05/2017

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for a Livable Future calculated the nutritional value of food wasted in the U.S. at the retail and consumer levels, shining a light on just how much protein, fiber and other important nutrients end up in the landfill in a single year.
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Gluten-free diet not recommended for people without celiac disease

05/05/2017

Long term dietary intake of gluten among people without celiac disease is not associated with risk of coronary heart disease - and restricting gluten may result in a low intake of whole grains, which are associated with cardiovascular benefits, finds a study published by The BMJ.
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Alternative treatment approach for neonatal abstinence syndrome may shorten hospital stay

04/05/2017

New research suggests a revamped, "common sense" approach to treating newborns suffering opioid withdrawal--gauging whether the baby can eat, sleep and be consoled within 10 minutes before administering drugs to wean them off exposure--may safely reduce the length of hospitalization they need.
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Image: Paper-based plasma generators ; Copyright: Jingjin Xie

Zapping bacteria with sanitizers made of paper

03/05/2017

Imagine wearing clothes with layers of paper that protect you from dangerous bacteria. A Rutgers-led team has invented an inexpensive, effective way to kill bacteria and sanitize surfaces with devices made of paper.
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Mouse teeth providing new insights into tissue regeneration

02/05/2017

Researchers hope to use stem cells to heal burns, patch damaged heart tissue, even grow kidneys and other transplantable organs from scratch. This dream edges closer to reality, but one of the enduring puzzles for stem cell researchers is how these remarkable cells know when it's time for them to expand in numbers and transform into mature, adult cells in order to renew injured or aging tissue.
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Using rooster testes to learn how the body fights viruses

02/05/2017

Our bodies are constantly under siege by foreign invaders; viruses, bacteria and parasites that want to infiltrate our cells. A new study in the journal eLife sheds light on how germ cells - sperm and egg - protect themselves from these attackers so that they can pass accurate genetic information to the next generation.
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Opportunities to overcome cancer treatment resistance

01/05/2017

A collaborative Cleveland Clinic, University of Oxford and Moffitt Cancer Center team of researchers has proven the theory that, while resistance to targeted treatment in cancer is truly a moving target, there are opportunities to overcome the resistance that develops.
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Significant economic burden from diabetes

28/04/2017

With more than 420 million affected individuals, as highlighted by the WHO Global report on diabetes issued for the 2016 World Diabetes Day, diabetes is among the leading metabolic diseases and a growing burden for health systems across the globe.
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Image: A preemie in an incubator; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Ondrooo

Lab on a chip designed to minimize preterm births

27/04/2017

In the United States alone, a half million babies are born preterm; worldwide, the number is an estimated 15 million. Complications associated with preterm birth are the no. 1 cause of death for children under 5, and those who live often face a range of health problems.
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Image: A female psychologist is talking to a little girl; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Monkeybusiness Images

Pediatric clinic support boosts mental health for youth

26/04/2017

A new study led by researchers at San Diego State University suggests that providing a brief behavioral therapy in the pediatric primary care setting can help more young people get the help they need. The brief intervention's benefits were especially noteworthy in Latino youth, more than three quarters of whom showed significant improvement.
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Image: a cell structure in blue; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Ralwel

How to hack a cell

07/04/2017

The human body is made up of trillions of cells, microscopic computers that carry out complex behaviors according to the signals they receive from each other and their environment. Synthetic biologists engineer living cells to control how they behave by converting their genes into programmable circuits.
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Researchers find a 'sleep gene'

07/04/2017

Washington State University researchers have seen how a particular gene is involved in the quality of sleep experienced by three different animals, including humans.
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Image: A female pharmacist is talking to a customer; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Barabasa

Pharmacists: greater role in care prevents repeat hospital visits

24/03/2017

Pharmacists given an expanded role in patient oversight can reduce the likelihood of high-risk patients returning to the hospital, according to a new study that underscores a potential cost-saving solution for a growing physician shortage.
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Image: A woman is using a routing app on her smartphone; Copyright: panthermedia.net/georgejmclittle

'Geofencing' shows promise in tracking chronic care

23/03/2017

Location-tracking apps on smartphones could be used to help track and manage care for thousands of patients who suffer from chronic diseases, and possibly even provide feedback to them on lifestyle changes that could help, according to an initial assessment by researchers at UC San Francisco.
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Image: X-ray image of a scoliotic spine; Copyright: panthermedia.net/stockdevil_666

Degree of spinal deformity affects hip replacement surgery success

21/03/2017

People with spinal deformity also requiring a total hip replacement are at greater risk for dislocation or follow-up revision surgery, suggesting that these higher-risk patients may benefit from a more personalized approach to their surgeries to reduce the risk of poorer outcomes.
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