Image: Many wires in different colors, shaped like a brain; Copyright: Radiological Society of North America

Head impacts lead to brain changes in high school football players


Brain imaging exams performed on high school football players after just one season revealed changes in both the gray and white matter that correlated with exposure to head impacts, according to a new study that will be presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
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Photo: cells under a microscope; Copyright: The American Journal of Pathology

Promise for treatment of Graves' disease and other ocular disorders


Aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands that block myofibroblast formation and collagen production in thyroid eye disease may be the key, according to a new report in The American Journal of Pathology.
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Photo: graphic of an undernourished heart; Copyright: Dr.Peter Nathanielsz/Dr.Geoffrey Clarke

Poor nutrition during pregnancy can cause early aging of baby's heart


New research has shown that the child of a slightly undernourished mother is more likely to suffer early aging of the heart.
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Photo: older couple making smoothie; Copyright: / Dmitriy Shironosov

Exercise and healthy diets associated with better cognitive functioning


Findings published this week in the Journal of Public Health reveal that both younger and older Canadian adults who engage in regular physical activity, consume more fruits and vegetables and are normal weight or overweight have overall better cognitive functioning.
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Image: a tray of Zika virus growing in animal cells; Copyright:  Huy Mach

Antibody protects developing fetus from Zika virus


The most devastating consequence of Zika virus infection is the development of microcephaly in babies who were infected in utero. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Vanderbilt University School of Medicine have identified a human antibody that prevents, in pregnant mice, the fetus from becoming infected with Zika and damage of the placenta.
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Photo: Elderly woman trying to sleep; Copyright: Baker

Cognitive behavioral therapy effective for older people with insomnia


Insomnia is the most common sleep problem in adults - as many as 30 percent to 50 percent of people report having trouble sleeping. For older adults, insomnia can often be chronic and is linked to other serious health conditions. Older adults who have difficulty sleeping are also at higher risk for depression, falls, stroke, and trouble with memory and thinking.
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Image: Laundry basket with dirty bedding on a bed; Copyright: / littleny

Dirty laundry may cause environmental contamination


A new paper published in FEMS Microbiology Letters, resulting from an investigation of a laundry facility that services several Seattle-area hospitals, suggests that soiled clinical linens may be a source of surface Clostridium difficile contamination.
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Image: Night sky with symbold for male and female, connected with lines; Copyright:  Roland Roberts, and Steven Valkenberg, Flickr

Study finds female scientists collaborate differently


Succeeding in the male-dominated science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines can be very challenging for female faculty. Now, a Northwestern University study of the collaboration patterns of STEM faculty has found that the playing fields in some disciplines are not as level as they first appear.
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Image: Stethoscope and dollar bills on a piece of paper with the words

Patients weigh in on orthopedic surgeons' pay, reimbursement


Most patients do not think an orthopedic surgeon is overpaid but they greatly exaggerate how much a surgeon is reimbursed by Medicare for performing knee surgery, according to a study of patient perceptions by Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.
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