Image: Colonies of Penicillium fungi on an agar plate; Copyright: Jens Christian Nielsen

Fungi have enormous potential for new antibiotics

21/04/2017

Fungi are a potential goldmine for the production of pharmaceuticals. This is shown by researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, who have developed a method for finding new antibiotics from nature’s own resources. The findings – which could prove very useful in the battle against antibiotic resistance – were recently published in the journal "Nature Microbiology".
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Image: (Close up) Many test tubes and one pipette; Copyright: panthermedia.net/kwanchaidp

"Look into the Blood" – World Laboratory Day 2017

20/04/2017

Again, this year on April 23rd, the World Laboratory Day is celebrated. It addresses the general public and answers the different questions around the theme laboratory. For that reason, laboratories and laboratory schools worldwide are open for the interested public and allow a look into the world of the laboratory.
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Image: A computer graphic of cancer cells attacking a healthy cell; Copyright: panthermedia.net/vitanovski

UTSA professor's study describes new way to predict tumor growth

19/04/2017

A new study by Yusheng Feng, professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), describes an algorithm that can predict the growth of cancerous tumors, which could help medical professionals judge the best treatment options for patients.
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Image: Doctor holing a sign that reads

Nanoparticles reprogram immune cells to fight cancer

18/04/2017

Researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have developed biodegradable nanoparticles that can be used to genetically program immune cells to recognize and destroy cancer cells -- while the immune cells are still inside the body.
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Image: Graphic of a protein complex; Copyright: MIPT Press Office

One step closer to cracking the mystery of bacterial adaptation to antibiotics

11/04/2017

An international team of researchers has proposed an explanation of the way bacteria process external signals. By identifying the detailed structure of the protein complex used by bacteria, the scientists gained insights into the ability of these microorganisms to detect even small changes in the environment and adapt to them. The research findings were published in "Scientific Reports".
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Image: Optical antenna coupled to a scintillation cluster attached to the end of an optical fiber; Copyright: Miguel Angel Suarez, FEMTO-ST (CNRS / UFC / UTBM / ENSMM)

Mini X-ray sensor for high-precision medical applications

04/04/2017

The ability to detect X-rays on a tiny scale paves the way for high-precision medical imaging and therapies. Such detection capabilities have been achieved by researchers from the CNRS, the University of Franche-Comté (UFC), and Aix-Marseille University (AMU), who attached an X-ray sensor to the end of an optical fiber. Their work was published in "Optics Letters".
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Image: Three inhalators in blue, red and orange; Copyright: panthermedia.net / IMelnyk

Trial of new triple inhaler shows 20 percent reduction in COPD flare-ups

04/04/2017

Flare-ups in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the UK's fourth leading cause of death, can be reduced by 20% by a combined triple inhaler, according to the results of a trial of more than 2,000 people conducted by The University of Manchester.
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Image: blood samples; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ktsdesign

New gene-based blood tests identify more skin cancers

03/04/2017

Genetic testing of tumor and blood fluid samples from people with and without one of the most aggressive forms of skin cancer has shown that two new blood tests can reliably detect previously unidentifiable forms of the disease.
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Image: Man and woman standing in a lab; Copyright: Baylor College of Medicine

Novel approach can reveal personalized breast cancer treatments

29/03/2017

The goal of cancer therapy is to destroy the tumor or stop it from growing and spreading to other parts of the body. Reaching toward this goal, a team of researchers from various institutions, including Baylor College of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, has developed a new way to approach breast cancer treatment.
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Image:blood phiole; Copyright: panthermedia.net / ktsdesign

Detecting blood clot risk using biomarkers

17/03/2017

Cancer is one of the hardest medical conditions to overcome, and for those who do so, the battle often does not stop at remission. Many cancers predispose patients to develop blood clots, particularly patients who are diagnosed at a late stage, which often complicates their treatment and reduces survival rates.
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Image: A painted eye is being erased; Copyright: panthermedia.net/lightwise

Fighting Blindness: TSRI Scientists Bring a Key Protein into Focus

08/03/2017

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how a protein called α2δ4 establishes proper vision. Their research helps explain why mutations in the gene encoding α2δ4 lead to retinal dystrophy, a disease characterized by defective color vision and night blindness.
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Image: Hands of a physician who is performing a urine test with a test strip; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Esben Hansen

Diabetic kidney disease is decoded

27/02/2017

Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney disease, a serious, often fatal complication that is difficult to diagnose in early, potentially treatable stages. Now, a research team at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has revealed biological pathways involved in diabetic kidney disease, providing hope that both early diagnostic tests and targeted treatment can be designed.
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Image: two men sitting in a laboratory, testing a device; Copyright:L.A. Cicero

Artificial synapse for neural networks

22/02/2017

For all the improvements in computer technology over the years, we still struggle to recreate the low-energy, elegant processing of the human brain. Now, researchers at Stanford University and Sandia National Laboratories have made an advance that could help computers mimic one piece of the brain's efficient design - an artificial version of the space over which neurons communicate, a synapse.
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Image: a red DNA and blue background; Copyright: ASU

Switched-on DNA to spark nano-electronic applications

22/02/2017

Much like flipping your light switch at home - only on a scale 1,000 times smaller than a human hair - an ASU-led team has now developed the first controllable DNA switch to regulate the flow of electricity within a single, atomic-sized molecule.
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Image: Different kinds of nuts; Copyright: panthermedia.net/fotokris44

Hard shell - healthy kernel

10/02/2017

Roasted and salted, ground as a baking ingredient or fresh from the shell - for all those who enjoy eating nuts, there is good news from nutritionists at Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Germany). Their latest research shows that nuts can inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
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Image: A laboratory automaton on a laboratory bench; Copyright: G. L. Kohuth/Michigan State University

Faster way of detecting bacteria

08/02/2017

Brett Etchebarne, an assistant professor of emergency medicine in the College of Osteopathic Medicine at Michigan State University, has created a molecular diagnostic system that can identify dangerous bacteria such as E. coli, staph infections, and even some superbugs.
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Image: blue, green and pink lines with a black background; Copyright: Hoffman-Kim lab/Brown University

With mini-vessels, mini-brains expand research potential

03/02/2017

Scientists have recently made a wondrous variety of mini-brains - 3-D cultures of neural cells that model basic properties of living brains - but a new finding could add to the field's growing excitement in an entirely new "vein": Brown University's mini-brains now grow blood vessels, too.
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Image:E.coli in green and blue  ; Copyright: The University of Exeter

Antibiotics can boost bacterial reproduction

31/01/2017

The growth of bacteria can be stimulated by antibiotics, scientists at the University of Exeter have discovered.
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Image: Neurites in a Fiber, everthing in green, ; Copyright: EPFL

Nanometric imprinting on fiber

25/01/2017

Researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonic Materials and Fibre Devices, which is run by Fabien Sorin, have come up with a simple and innovative technique for drawing or imprinting complex, nanometric patterns on hollow polymer fibers.
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