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Care in the Shock Room: MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE Offers Internationally-Recognized Course Concept

21/07/2016

One of the many options for doctors from all disciplines is the opportunity to acquire the internationally-recognized Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS®) certificate.
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Image: An upper half body, which is blue and transparent. The muscles of the arm are higlighted in red; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Eraxion

Protein found to bolster growth of damaged muscle tissue

21/07/2016

Johns Hopkins University biologists have found that a protein that plays a key role in the lives of stem cells can bolster the growth of damaged muscle tissue, a step that could potentially contribute to treatments for muscle degeneration caused by old age and diseases such as muscular dystrophy.
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Image: The four researchers in a lab (three standing, one sitting); Copyright: Rolf Müller/UKB-UKom

Fighting life-threatening bacteria without antibiotics

20/07/2016

Each year, about 170,000 people die of complications of hepatic cirrhosis in Europe. Frequent causes of the widespread disease include alcohol abuse, fatty liver hepatitis, and chronic viral hepatitis. Liver cirrhosis develops gradually over a period of years and decades.
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Image: Three microfluidic devices made from transparent plastic; Copyright: SMART

Microfluidic device to study electric field cancer therapy

14/07/2016

Researchers at MIT's research center in Singapore have developed a new microfluidic device that tests the effects of electric fields on cancer cells. They observed that a range of low-intensity, middle-frequency electric fields effectively stopped breast and lung cancer cells from growing and spreading, while having no adverse effect on neighboring healthy cells.
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Pill organizers could cause adverse effects among elderly

14/07/2016

Older people who switch to using pill organizers could experience adverse effects and even hospitalization - according to research from the University of East Anglia.
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Some major scoliosis surgeries can be avoided

13/07/2016

In a look-back study of medical records, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine concluded that a major operation to fuse the spines of children with a rare form of severe, early-onset scoliosis can be eliminated in many cases.
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Image: African physician is examining a child; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Kouassai Gilbert Ambeu

Illness management strategy for children under five

12/07/2016

An international review team has published a Cochrane systematic review that assessed the effects of programs that use the World Health Organization's (WHO) integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) strategy.
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Image: Drawing of a head with the brain next to irregular waves; Copyright: panthermedia.net/drnn

New technique could revolutionize surgical treatment of epilepsy

12/07/2016

Scientists at the University of Exeter have developed a pioneering new technique that could revolutionize the surgical treatment of epilepsy.
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Image: Nurse is dressing the injured arm of a man; Copyright: panthermedia.net/georgerudy

Conceptual model for acute, unscheduled care

11/07/2016

Researchers at the George Washington University (GW) created a conceptual model for episodes of acute, unscheduled care - care that can be delivered in a variety of settings from emergency departments to doctors' offices, from urgent care centers to telemedicine.
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Photo: A coloured tissue section with makred cancer cells

Consensus in the fight against colorectal cancer

07/07/2016

In colorectal cancer, the presence of invasive tumor cells at the advancing edge of the tumor can provide valuable information on prognosis. Initiated by the Colorectal Cancer Research Group at the Institute of Pathology, University of Bern, a consensus conference was held to determine how this phenomenon should best be put into practice.
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Photo: Marked breast cancer cells under a microscope

New technology helps identify aggressive early breast cancer

07/07/2016

When a woman is diagnosed with the earliest stage of breast cancer, how aggressive should her treatment be? Will the non-invasive cancer become invasive? Or is it a slow-growing variety that will likely never be harmful?
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Photo: Amplified neurons

Vagus nerve stimulation reduces rheumatoid arthritis symptoms

06/07/2016

Clinical trial data published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) demonstrates stimulating the vagus nerve with an implantable bioelectronic device significantly improved measures of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
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Experts call for standard list of essential diagnostic tests

01/07/2016

Similar to long-established list of essential medicines, a standard list of essential diagnostic test could help improve capacity and quality of testing in developing nations.
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Saved by the sun

30/06/2016

A new twist on the use of renewable energy is saving children's lives in Africa. The innovation - a solar powered oxygen delivery system - is providing concentrated oxygen in hospital for children suffering from severe pneumonia.
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New approach to determining risk of cancer reoccurring

27/06/2016

What is the likelihood of a patient developing cancer again after having a tumor removed? This is the question that experts in medicine and medical informatics at Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) aim to find answers to in a new research project called ‘MelEVIR – Melanoma, Extracellular Vesicles and Immune Response’.
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In doctors we trust - especially when they admit to bias

22/06/2016

A doctor's guidance may reassure us more than we realize -especially if she says she is likely to recommend treatment in her field of expertise, known as "specialty bias."
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Photo: Irradiation planning of a glioblastoma

microRNAs help to predict disease progression in brain tumors

15/06/2016

cientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU) have developed a new method of predicting disease progression in gliobastoma patients who have undergone standard treatment. Their findings, published in the journal Oncotarget, show that four miRNAs may hold the vital clue. An application for the corresponding patent has already been filed.
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Blood test could help monitor treatment response

13/06/2016

Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research and the University of Tübingen have identified proteins in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid that reflect nerve cell damage.
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New treatment room design model for future hospitals

31/05/2016

In the EVICURES project a design model for future intensive and intermediate care facilities was developed at Seinäjoki Central Hospital. The results of research conducted by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd on evidence-based design (EBD) and user-orientation were applied to the design work.
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Children: Play-based preparation for radiation therapy

30/05/2016

New research from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital shows support interventions by child life specialists decrease sedation use and costs associated with cranial radiation therapy.
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Mechanism that reduces effect of cocaine on brain discovered

23/05/2016

A type of brain cell known as microglia plays a key role in reducing the effects of cocaine in the brain, according to a major study by a team from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) in Montreal.
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Mouse study: Triple-therapy cocktail shrinks triple-negative breast tumors

23/05/2016

In a new study using mice and lab-grown human cells, a scientific team led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers show how a triple-drug cocktail can shrink triple-negative breast cancers by killing off cancer cells and halting new tumor growth.
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Graphic: Norman bone vs bone with osteoporosis

Survey: 71 percent of hip fracture patients not told they have osteoporosis

20/05/2016

More than 7 in 10 older adults who suffer hip fractures aren't told they have the bone-weakening disease osteoporosis - despite the fact that hip fractures nearly always signify the presence of this potentially debilitating condition, according to revealing new research by Northwell Health physicians.
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Hard water linked to risk of eczema in infants

19/05/2016

Eczema affects around a fifth of children in the UK. Skin barrier impairment and dry skin are thought to be triggers of eczema in early life, partly through genetic predisposition. Environmental factors may also contribute to the breakdown of the skin barrier, including water hardness and chlorine in household water.
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Melatonin reduces blood pressure and tunes up disrupted circadian rhythms in the elderly

18/05/2016

The older we get, the more likely our circadian rhythms are disrupted. For example, blood pressure (BP), not only tends to increase but as well become more irregular. Luckily, as research shows, melatonin helps to ameliorate both trends.
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Yoga and aquatic exercise can help combat MS symptoms

13/05/2016

Exercise can have a positive influence on certain symptoms of multiple sclerosis: Patients who do yoga and aquatic exercise suffer less from fatigue, depression and paresthesia, as reported by researchers from the University of Basel and the Psychiatric University Clinics Basel in a joint study with colleagues in Iran.
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"Nurses: A force for Change - Improving health systems' resilience"

11/05/2016

The work of nurses contributes to the resilience of the health system. With every decision they make in their profession, they can influence the efficiency and effectiveness of the entire system. Therefore, this year's International Day of Care has the motto "Nurses: A force for Change – Improving health systems’ resilience".
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Photo: Women dressed in pink with Breast Cancer Awareness Ribbons

Breast cancer patients upbeat on body changes

09/05/2016

Body image identity varies among women who have undergone treatment for breast cancer with many rejecting mainstream body shape ideals, research shows.
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Research points to a new treatment for pancreatic cancer

06/05/2016

Researchers have shown how controlling cholesterol metabolism in pancreatic cancer cells reduces metastasis, pointing to a potential new treatment using drugs previously developed for atherosclerosis.
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