Image: An x-ray picture of a lung showing signs of tuberculosis; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ Martin Fally

Number of tuberculosis cases in India is double current estimates

26/08/2016

The number of cases of tuberculosis (TB) in India may be up to two to three times higher than current estimates, suggests a new study.
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Image: Green insect cells under seen through a microsope; Copyright: Helmholtz Zentrum München

Progress in vaccination against vespid venom

25/08/2016

Especially in late summer, apprehension about wasp stings increases amongst allergy sufferers. So-called hyposensibilisation therapy can help, but it is linked to a heavy burden on patients and health insurers. Researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University Munich have now presented a method in the journal "Allergy", which facilitates a personalised procedure.
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Image: Fluorescence microscopy image of stem cells; Copyright: Aalto University

Nanofiber scaffolds show new behaviour of stem and cancer cells

24/08/2016

A discovery in the field of biomaterials may open new frontiers in stem and cancer cell manipulation and associated advanced therapy development. Novel scaffolds are shown enabling cells to behave in a different but controlled way in vitro due to the presence of aligned, self-assembled ceramic nanofibers of an ultra-high anisotropy ratio augmented into graphene shells.
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Image: Illustration of a bacteria; Copyright: Lehigh University

New immunotherapy to fight bacteria

23/08/2016

An estimated 23,000 people in the U.S. die each year of antibiotic resistant bacterial infections, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A UK government-commissioned review reports that such infections take 700,000 lives per year globally.
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Image: A copmputer monitor shows the brain activity of a monkey using a brain-machine interface.; Copyright: Shawn Rocco/Duke Health

Brain-machine interfaces: Paraplegics regain feelings and movements

15/08/2016

Eight people who have spent years paralyzed from spinal cord injuries have regained partial sensation and muscle control in their lower limbs after training with brain-controlled robotics.
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Image: newsletter practice changes in kidney stone treatment; Copyright: UBA News

New guidelines in kidney stone treatment

15/08/2016

A new guideline for the surgical management of patients with kidney and/or ureteral stones has been released by the American Urologic Association.
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Image: Young asian women is coughing in the street; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Leung Cho Pan

Rapid bacterial infection test reduces antibiotic use

11/08/2016

Researchers from the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Vietnam have shown that using a rapid (5-minute) test can reduce antibiotic misuse for respiratory infections. Cutting the number of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions is a key way to prevent the spread of antibiotic-resistant infections.
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Image: A pharmacist is talking to an elderly customer; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Wavebreakmeda

Lack of pharmacy access sends some patients back to the hospital

10/08/2016

Hospital readmissions, a 17-billion-dollar annual problem, are higher in rural, remote or smaller communities that sometimes have significantly less access to pharmacies, according to a study published today that was one of the first to examine this issue.
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Care in the Shock Room: MEDICA EDUCATION CONFERENCE Offers Internationally-Recognized Course Concept

21/07/2016

One of the many options for doctors from all disciplines is the opportunity to acquire the internationally-recognized Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS®) certificate.
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Image: An upper half body, which is blue and transparent. The muscles of the arm are higlighted in red; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Eraxion

Protein found to bolster growth of damaged muscle tissue

21/07/2016

Johns Hopkins University biologists have found that a protein that plays a key role in the lives of stem cells can bolster the growth of damaged muscle tissue, a step that could potentially contribute to treatments for muscle degeneration caused by old age and diseases such as muscular dystrophy.
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Image: The four researchers in a lab (three standing, one sitting); Copyright: Rolf Müller/UKB-UKom

Fighting life-threatening bacteria without antibiotics

20/07/2016

Each year, about 170,000 people die of complications of hepatic cirrhosis in Europe. Frequent causes of the widespread disease include alcohol abuse, fatty liver hepatitis, and chronic viral hepatitis. Liver cirrhosis develops gradually over a period of years and decades.
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Image: Three microfluidic devices made from transparent plastic; Copyright: SMART

Microfluidic device to study electric field cancer therapy

14/07/2016

Researchers at MIT's research center in Singapore have developed a new microfluidic device that tests the effects of electric fields on cancer cells. They observed that a range of low-intensity, middle-frequency electric fields effectively stopped breast and lung cancer cells from growing and spreading, while having no adverse effect on neighboring healthy cells.
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Image: Hand holds a transparent pill organizer; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Artem Chereshniuk

Pill organizers could cause adverse effects among elderly

14/07/2016

Older people who switch to using pill organizers could experience adverse effects and even hospitalization - according to research from the University of East Anglia.
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Image: X-ray image of the spine of a scoliosis patient; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Draw05

Some major scoliosis surgeries can be avoided

13/07/2016

In a look-back study of medical records, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine concluded that a major operation to fuse the spines of children with a rare form of severe, early-onset scoliosis can be eliminated in many cases.
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Image: African physician is examining a child; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Kouassai Gilbert Ambeu

Illness management strategy for children under five

12/07/2016

An international review team has published a Cochrane systematic review that assessed the effects of programs that use the World Health Organization's (WHO) integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) strategy.
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Image: Drawing of a head with the brain next to irregular waves; Copyright: panthermedia.net/drnn

New technique could revolutionize surgical treatment of epilepsy

12/07/2016

Scientists at the University of Exeter have developed a pioneering new technique that could revolutionize the surgical treatment of epilepsy.
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Image: Nurse is dressing the injured arm of a man; Copyright: panthermedia.net/georgerudy

Conceptual model for acute, unscheduled care

11/07/2016

Researchers at the George Washington University (GW) created a conceptual model for episodes of acute, unscheduled care - care that can be delivered in a variety of settings from emergency departments to doctors' offices, from urgent care centers to telemedicine.
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Photo: A coloured tissue section with makred cancer cells

Consensus in the fight against colorectal cancer

07/07/2016

In colorectal cancer, the presence of invasive tumor cells at the advancing edge of the tumor can provide valuable information on prognosis. Initiated by the Colorectal Cancer Research Group at the Institute of Pathology, University of Bern, a consensus conference was held to determine how this phenomenon should best be put into practice.
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Photo: Marked breast cancer cells under a microscope

New technology helps identify aggressive early breast cancer

07/07/2016

When a woman is diagnosed with the earliest stage of breast cancer, how aggressive should her treatment be? Will the non-invasive cancer become invasive? Or is it a slow-growing variety that will likely never be harmful?
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Photo: Amplified neurons

Vagus nerve stimulation reduces rheumatoid arthritis symptoms

06/07/2016

Clinical trial data published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) demonstrates stimulating the vagus nerve with an implantable bioelectronic device significantly improved measures of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
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Photo: Diagnostic test in a laboratory

Experts call for standard list of essential diagnostic tests

01/07/2016

Similar to long-established list of essential medicines, a standard list of essential diagnostic test could help improve capacity and quality of testing in developing nations.
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Photo: A house in Africa with solar panels on the roof

Saved by the sun

30/06/2016

A new twist on the use of renewable energy is saving children's lives in Africa. The innovation - a solar powered oxygen delivery system - is providing concentrated oxygen in hospital for children suffering from severe pneumonia.
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Photo: syringe and stethoscope lay on a paper with the word

New approach to determining risk of cancer reoccurring

27/06/2016

What is the likelihood of a patient developing cancer again after having a tumor removed? This is the question that experts in medicine and medical informatics at Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) aim to find answers to in a new research project called ‘MelEVIR – Melanoma, Extracellular Vesicles and Immune Response’.
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Photo: female physician smiles

In doctors we trust - especially when they admit to bias

22/06/2016

A doctor's guidance may reassure us more than we realize -especially if she says she is likely to recommend treatment in her field of expertise, known as "specialty bias."
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Photo: Irradiation planning of a glioblastoma

microRNAs help to predict disease progression in brain tumors

15/06/2016

cientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU) have developed a new method of predicting disease progression in gliobastoma patients who have undergone standard treatment. Their findings, published in the journal Oncotarget, show that four miRNAs may hold the vital clue. An application for the corresponding patent has already been filed.
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Photo: blood sample

Blood test could help monitor treatment response

13/06/2016

Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research and the University of Tübingen have identified proteins in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid that reflect nerve cell damage.
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Photo: Older man in an intensive care bed

New treatment room design model for future hospitals

31/05/2016

In the EVICURES project a design model for future intensive and intermediate care facilities was developed at Seinäjoki Central Hospital. The results of research conducted by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd on evidence-based design (EBD) and user-orientation were applied to the design work.
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