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Targeted preventive measures for hip fracture for persons with Alzheimer's disease

08/12/2016

The hip fracture risk factors are generally similar among those with and without Alzheimer's disease, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland. However, the incidence of hip fracture is higher among those with Alzheimer's disease, regardless of other characteristics.
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Image: Abstract picurtre of DNA. A part of the DNA can be seen in a smartphone; Copyright: panthermedia.net/brijit vijayan

Collaborating on big data to unravel disease processes

07/12/2016

Patients with the same illness often receive the same treatment, even if the cause of the illness is different for each person. This represents a new step towards ultimately being able to offer every patient more personalised treatment.
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New ways to measure solid stress in tumors could lead to improved understanding, therapies

30/11/2016

Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators have developed new methods for mapping and measuring solid stress - the force exerted by solid and elastic components - within tumors, an accomplishment that may lead to improved understanding of those forces and their consequences and to novel treatment strategies.
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Image: An old man is walking on a tiny street, seen from behind; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Corinna Fuckas

Vestibular function declines starting at age 40

29/11/2016

A new study led by researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear found that vestibular thresholds begin to double every 10 years above the age of 40, representing a decline in our ability to receive sensory information about motion, balance and spatial orientation. The report was published in "Frontiers in Neurology".
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Image: Graphic of a green ball with purple logs attached to it; Copyright: Victor Kostyuchenko, Duke-NUS Medical School

First steps to neutralizing Zika

28/11/2016

As Zika spreads throughout the world, the call for rapid development of therapeutics to treat Zika rings loud and clear. Taking a step further in identifying a possible therapeutic candidate, a team of researchers have discovered the mechanism by which C10, a human antibody previously identified to react with the Dengue virus, prevents Zika infection at a cellular level.
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Image: A silhouette of a human head. In the head is a brain shown. A speech bubble points to the open mouth; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Benoit Charton

Stuttering related to brain circuits that control speech production

28/11/2016

Researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) have conducted the first study of its kind, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to look at brain regions in both adults and children who stutter.
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Understanding cancer worries could break down barriers to seeking help

25/11/2016

Recognizing the reasons people worry about a potential cancer diagnosis could help ease concern and encourage people with possible cancer symptoms to see their doctor earlier.
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Scientists develop tissue-engineered model of human lung and trachea

16/11/2016

Scientists at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have developed a tissue-engineered model of lung and trachea which contains the diverse cell types present in the human respiratory tract. The study was published this week in the online version of the journal "Tissue Engineering".
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Study links shorter sleep and sugar-sweetened drink consumption

10/11/2016

People who sleep five or fewer hours a night are likely to also drink significantly more sugary caffeinated drinks, such as sodas and energy drinks, according to a new study of more than 18,000 adults led by UC San Francisco scientists.
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Immune cell insight offers hope for tackling deadly lung condition

04/11/2016

Fresh insights into a life-threatening lung condition triggered by blood poisoning could signal a new approach to treating the disease, researchers found. Scientists have found that a drug, which targets key immune cells, could help to curb excessive inflammation in the lungs that is linked to the condition.
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Image: Scheme of the medical usage of the specific surface antigen GFRA2; Copyright: Osaka University

Discovery of molecular marker specific to early embryonic heart development

03/11/2016

Researchers centered at Osaka University identify molecule specifically expressed on one of the first cell populations to emerge as a precursor of the heart in embryos, which enables the cells to be isolated and studied, and potentially transplanted as a treatment for heart failure.
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New model to study inflammatory bowel disease in human biopsy samples

03/11/2016

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a complex condition that requires a lifetime of care and increases a person's cancer risk. But its origins are still a mystery. Now, a team of researchers have created a new culture model of the human intestine where living tissue from a patient biopsy can be preserved and studied for days.
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Ovarian transplantation might be possible in future

02/11/2016

Approximately 11 percent of women worldwide suffer from premature ovarian failure. This can have many different causes: chemotherapy administered for a malignant disease might irreversibly damage the ovaries and, because of the advances in modern cancer therapy, the number of young women surviving cancer is on the increase. The women, some of whom are still very young, prematurely enter menopause.
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Image: DNA strand on the left, viruses on the right; Copyright: panthermedia.net/cuteimage

Grant for nerve tumour research

31/10/2016

Research investigating how DNA from a virus millions of years old may affect the development of nerve tumours, has been awarded funding.
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Tiny gold particles could be the key to developing a treatment for pancreatic cancer

20/10/2016

A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is often a death sentence because chemotherapy and radiation have little impact on the disease. In the U.S. this year, some 53,000 new cases will be diagnosed, and 42,000 patients will die of the disease. But research now being reported in ACS Nano could eventually lead to a new type of treatment based on gold nanoparticles.
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Scientists aim to slow fast growth of cancer cells

05/10/2016

The fight against cancer is a marathon, fought step by step, inch by inch. While breakthroughs may be rare, a new study from the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry is giving greater insight into the growth of cancer cells and bringing researchers one step closer to the finish line.
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Antibody function may help keep tuberculosis infection under control

04/10/2016

A study led by investigators from the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard finds evidence that antibody protection may help control infection with the bacteria that causes tuberculosis (TB).
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Precision medicine trial shows benefit to patients

26/09/2016

A clinical trial for types of advanced cancer is the first of its kind to show that precision medicine - or tailoring treatment for individual people - can slow down the time it takes for a tumor to grow back, according to research presented at the Molecular Analysis for Personalized Therapy (MAP) conference.
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International Patient Safety Day - 09/17/2016

16/09/2016

This year’s International Patient Safety Day takes place under the motto "Medication Safety". It is supposed to raise awareness of medication errors. Members of the health care systems will be able to present new approaches and exchange ideas with each other at events on this day.
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Image: Five researchers in a laboratory; Copyright: Thor Balkhed

Predicting the severity of multiple sclerosis

15/09/2016

Cells in the immune system of patients with multiple sclerosis behave differently from those of healthy individuals. Researchers at Linköping University in Sweden have exploited this difference to develop a method that can predict disease activity in multiple sclerosis.
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Keep intimate life intact despite tumour surgery in the pelvis

14/09/2016

Tumour surgery in the pelvis (urogenital and anal area) can lead to injuries of the regional nervous centre and therefore to bowel and bladder incontinence and sexual function disorders. This can dramatically influence the quality of life of those affected.
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Voices of patients and oncologists must be heard, study says

13/09/2016

Specifically training oncologists and their patients to have high-quality discussions improves communication, but troubling gaps still exist between the two groups, according to a new study in "JAMA Oncology".
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Heart valve replacement for people with rheumatic heart disease

12/09/2016

A novel heart valve replacement method is revealed today that offers hope for the thousands of patients with rheumatic heart disease who need the procedure each year. The research was being presented at the SA Heart Congress 2016.
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Image:  Phylogenetic tree for cancer evolution; Copyright: Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Penn software helps to identify course of cancer metastasis

12/09/2016

Individual cells within a tumor are not all the same. This may sound like a modern medical truism, but it wasn't very long ago that oncologists assumed that taking a single biopsy from a patient's tumor would be an accurate reflection of the physiological and genetic make-up of the entire mass.
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