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Pharmacists: greater role in care prevents repeat hospital visits

24/03/2017

Pharmacists given an expanded role in patient oversight can reduce the likelihood of high-risk patients returning to the hospital, according to a new study that underscores a potential cost-saving solution for a growing physician shortage.
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'Geofencing' shows promise in tracking chronic care

23/03/2017

Location-tracking apps on smartphones could be used to help track and manage care for thousands of patients who suffer from chronic diseases, and possibly even provide feedback to them on lifestyle changes that could help, according to an initial assessment by researchers at UC San Francisco.
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New drug delivery method for cancer therapy

23/03/2017

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a new drug delivery method that produces strong results in treating cancers in animal models, including some hard-to-treat solid and liquid tumors.
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Fighting Blindness: TSRI Scientists Bring a Key Protein into Focus

08/03/2017

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how a protein called α2δ4 establishes proper vision. Their research helps explain why mutations in the gene encoding α2δ4 lead to retinal dystrophy, a disease characterized by defective color vision and night blindness.
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Functional brain training alleviates CIPN in cancer survivors

07/03/2017

A type of functional brain training known as neurofeedback shows promise in reducing symptoms of chemotherapy-induced nerve damage, or neuropathy, in cancer survivors, according to a study by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The pilot study, published in the journal "Cancer", is the largest, to date, to determine the benefits of neurofeedback in cancer survivors.
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Lifestyle choices condition colon and rectal cancer risk more than genetics

07/03/2017

Researchers have issued the first predictive risk model of colon and rectal cancer based on data that combines genetic and lifestyle information. Their work, published by Scientific Reports, highlights the importance of improving lifestyle to reduce the risk of colon cancer and suggests to use a combination of lifestyle and genetic information to subdivide the population into different groups.
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Image: Hands of a physician who is performing a urine test with a test strip; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Esben Hansen

Diabetic kidney disease is decoded

27/02/2017

Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney disease, a serious, often fatal complication that is difficult to diagnose in early, potentially treatable stages. Now, a research team at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has revealed biological pathways involved in diabetic kidney disease, providing hope that both early diagnostic tests and targeted treatment can be designed.
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Doctors prescribe more antibiotics when expectations are high

17/02/2017

Experimental evidence confirms what surveys have long suggested: Physicians are more likely to prescribe antibiotics when they believe there is a high expectation of it from their patients, even if they think the probability of bacterial infection is low and antibiotics would not be effective, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association.
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Supporting a caring culture for hospital patients and staff through 'Being Human'

16/02/2017

Going into hospital, whether unexpectedly or planned, can be a very difficult time for patients and their families. Care and support from hospital staff can make a huge difference to their experiences, but when staff face increasing demands on their time, this is not always easy to deliver.
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Data mining tools for personalized cancer treatment

14/02/2017

In the laboratories of Institute of Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), drug testing is done ex vivo. That is, various leukemia drugs are tested with patient samples instead of the patients themselves. This enables the researchers to test different drug combinations efficiently and without burdening the patient.
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Image: Dermatologist is examining psoriasis at a patient's elbow; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Hriana

Treatment has no sufficient effect in 1 of 5 psoriasis patients

09/02/2017

A substantial part of people, one in five, undergoing systemic treatment for psoriasis till have considerable problems with their disease. This is according to a study with 2,646 Swedish psoriasis patients conducted at Umeå University and the Swedish Institute for Health Economics, and recently published in the Journal of Dermatological Treatment.
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Image: A female physician is talking to a girl in the waiting area; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Wavebreakmedia Premium

Startup commercializes software to improve pediatric care

08/02/2017

The promise of information technology has been to improve quality, cut costs and increase patient satisfaction. By themselves, electronic health records, or EHRs, have failed to achieve those aims. Software that adds functionality to EHRs can assess patient risks, help physicians identify problems earlier and better document care quality.
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Yes, we can! Yes, I can! – World Cancer Day, 02/04/2017

31/01/2017

At MEDICA-tradefair.com, we have already commemorated World Cancer Day quite often. But why? Because cancer is an omnipresent topic. Most certainly, sooner or later, directly or indirectly, each and every one of us will get in touch with it – when we develop cancer ourselves or a person close to us does.
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Image: Graphic of the microneedles that deliver insulin; Copyright: American Chemical Society

Toward a 'smart' patch that automatically delivers insulin when needed

23/01/2017

Treatment for certain diabetes cases involves constant monitoring of blood-glucose levels and daily insulin shots. But scientists are now developing a painless "smart" patch that monitors blood glucose and releases insulin when levels climb too high.
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Post-Op complications measurements differ

19/01/2017

How do medical professionals determine whether or not a patient has experienced a post-operative complication? A team of Mayo Clinic physicians and researchers has published results of a three-year study examining mechanisms for measuring and reporting postoperative infection complications.
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Personalized treatment for those in blood pressure 'gray zone'

18/01/2017

Using data from a national study, Johns Hopkins researchers determined that using heart CT scans can help personalize treatment in patients whose blood pressure falls in the gray zone of just above normal or mild high blood pressure. Previously, the appropriate blood pressure treatment for these patients used risk calculations and some guesswork.
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Tablet devices show promise in managing agitation among patients with dementia

09/01/2017

A new pilot study led by McLean Hospital's Ipsit Vahia, MD, medical director of Geriatric Psychiatry Outpatient Services at McLean Hospital, suggests that the use of tablet computers is both a safe and a potentially effective approach to managing agitation among patients with dementia.
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Gambling addiction triggers the same brain areas as drug and alcohol cravings

04/01/2017

Gambling addiction activates the same brain pathways as drug and alcohol cravings, suggests new research. The study, by international scientists including researchers from Imperial College London, suggests targeting these brain pathways may lead to future treatments for the condition.
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Preventing mortality after myocardial infarction

04/01/2017

The University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) has been awarded a grant of 2 million dollar from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to pilot the Canadian component of a study to determine the optimal amount of blood to transfuse in anemic patients who have suffered a myocardial infarction.
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Researchers identify key proteins that may make Zika so deadly

03/01/2017

Until it burst onto the scene earlier this year, Zika was an obscure, little-known virus. As a result, scientists know little about how it works. Over the past year, they have learned that it can cause a range of dangerous health problems, including birth defects such as microcephaly and neurological problems such as Guillain-Barré syndrome.
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Image: Bacteria in a culture dish; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Anna Puhan

Using 'fire to fight fire' to combat disease could make it worse

03/01/2017

A treatment billed as a potential breakthrough in the fight against disease, including cancer, could back-fire and make the disease fitter and more damaging, new research has found. Ground-breaking research has found that introducing 'friendlier' less-potent strains into a population of disease-causing microbes can lead to increased disease severity.
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