Image: Enlarged neurons. The cell bodies are purple, whereas the axons are green; Copyright: UAB

Discovery may lead to a treatment to slow Parkinson's disease

22/07/2016

Using a robust model for Parkinson's disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers and colleagues have discovered an interaction in neurons that contributes to Parkinson's disease, and they have shown that drugs now under development may block the process.
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Image: Microscopy image of a culture mouse neuron; Copyright: Carlos Sánchez-Huertas

The machinery that neurons use to form and maintain their neuronal extensions

22/07/2016

The study, led by IRB Barcelona and published in Nature Communications will help research into regenerative medicine and potentially also help understand neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s.
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Image: Graphic of a neuron, that is connected with many other neurons via synapses. The synapses are glowing at several points; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ktsdesign

World Brain Day 2016 - The ageing brain

21/07/2016

The World Federation of Neurology (WFN) invites the people to observe the World Brain Day for the third time in 2016. This year’s motto is “The ageing brain”. The focus lies on prevention of and dealing with the neurological diseases stroke, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, since the risk to fall ill with them increases with age.
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Image: The word

Prize for research into speeding up stroke diagnosis

20/07/2016

A mathematician at the University of Strathclyde has shared in a prestigious prize for research into methods for accelerating the diagnosis of strokes.
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Image: Black and white microscopic picture of a spongy nanomaterial; Copyright: University of Chicago/Tian Lab

New biomaterial developed for injectable neuronal control

15/07/2016

Ideally, injectable or implantable medical devices should not only be small and electrically functional, they should be soft, like the body tissues with which they interact. Scientists from two UChicago labs set out to see if they could design a material with all three of those properties.
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Image: Drawing of a head with the brain next to irregular waves; Copyright: panthermedia.net/drnn

New technique could revolutionize surgical treatment of epilepsy

12/07/2016

Scientists at the University of Exeter have developed a pioneering new technique that could revolutionize the surgical treatment of epilepsy.
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Photo: Amplified neurons

Vagus nerve stimulation reduces rheumatoid arthritis symptoms

06/07/2016

Clinical trial data published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) demonstrates stimulating the vagus nerve with an implantable bioelectronic device significantly improved measures of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
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Photo: Red skeletal myotubes seen through a microscope

Researchers use gelatin to grow stronger muscles

05/07/2016

USC researcher Megan L. McCain and colleagues have devised a way to develop bigger, stronger muscle fibers. But instead of popping up on the bicep of a bodybuilder, these muscles grow on a tiny scaffold or "chip" molded from a type of water-logged gel made from gelatin.
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Photo: Paramedic Brett Schneider sits in an ambulance talking with a doctor via a tablet

Electronic tablets speed stroke care during patient transport

04/07/2016

A clinical trial testing mobile videoconferencing as a means for physicians to diagnose stroke patients while they're being transported to the hospital has found that a tablet-based system produced diagnoses highly correlating with a bedside assessment -- a finding that could have important implications for the early treatment of stroke and for preventing the disability it causes.
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Photo: Image with blurry warm and cold colors

Technique captures the activity of an entire brain in a snapshot

31/05/2016

When it comes to measuring brain activity, scientists have tools that can take a precise look at a small slice of the brain (less than one cubic millimeter), or a blurred look at a larger area. Now, researchers at Rockefeller University have described a new technique that combines the best of both worlds - it captures a detailed snapshot of global activity in the mouse brain.
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Photo: Female physician and a girl at a radiation therapy treatment room

Children: Play-based preparation for radiation therapy

30/05/2016

New research from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital shows support interventions by child life specialists decrease sedation use and costs associated with cranial radiation therapy.
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Photo: Autoantibodies

Multiple sclerosis: antibodies can initiate the inflammation at the core of the disease

24/05/2016

Researcher have made a similar discovery independently using an animal model of multiple sclerosis: a new mechanism involving so-called autoantibodies that initiates and aggravates inflammatory CNS disease. This discovery contributes towards understanding what factors bring about multiple sclerosis and, by extension, potential diagnostic and therapeutic options.
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Photo: Surgeons operating at a patient's brain

Neurosurgery: imaging tool in surgeon's hand

11/05/2016

Scientists at Barrow Neurological Institute have recently made discoveries about use of a new technology for imaging brain tumors in the operating room - a finding that could have important implications for identifying and locating invading cells at the edge of a brain tumor.
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Photo: One-armed man shows a bionic prosthesis of his hand

Building a better bionic hand

09/05/2016

A Canadian athlete's dream to one day "move" his fingers again after losing an arm in a workplace accident is now within grasp, thanks to a robotic arm prosthesis being developed at Simon Fraser University.
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Graphic: model of protein

New drug against nerve agents in sight

06/05/2016

The nerve agent sarin causes a deadly overstimulation of the nervous system that can be stopped if treated with an antidote within minutes of poisoning. Today, a ground-breaking study has been published in PNAS, which in detail describes how such a drug works.
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Photo: Head and a piece of a puzzle

Neuroscientists discover previously unknown function of cannabinoid receptor

04/05/2016

In the brain, there is a delicate interplay of signaling substances and cellular activity. Scientists of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) and the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have now identified another key player within this ensemble.
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Photo: Man using the magnifying smartphone app

Researchers develop magnifying smartphone screen app for visually impaired

25/04/2016

Researchers from the Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School have developed a smartphone application that projects a magnified smartphone screen to Google Glass, which users can navigate using head movements to view a corresponding portion of the magnified screen.
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