Image: 3D-image of a person, in the esophagus is one part highlighted red; Copyright: Panthermdia.net/Eraxion

Bad or benign? Testing cells for esophageal cancer risk

22/08/2016

Genetically analysing lesions in the food pipe could provide an early and accurate test for oesophageal cancer, according to research led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam and Arizona State University.
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Image: A pregnant woman. In the center is an image of a mosquito and the word

Yale study identifies how Zika virus infects the placenta

22/08/2016

In a new study, Yale researchers demonstrate Zika virus infection of cells derived from human placentas. The research provides insight into how Zika virus may be transmitted from expectant mother to fetus, resulting in infection of the fetal brain. The study was published online in JCI Insight.
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Image: Upper part of the body with red marked stomachache; Copyright: Panthermdia.net/cristovao

Olympic stomach upsets – leaky gut symdrome?

19/08/2016

A number of competitors at the Rio Olympics have reported stomach problems. Team GB officials have denied that athletes have fallen victim to food poisoning at the Olympic athletes' village in Rio, despite a number complaining of upset stomachs.
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Image: Graphic shows a head with visible brain in the front and atom copmpounds and a genome in the background; Copyright: Panthermedia.net/tolokonov

Brain study confirms gene mutation link to psychiatric disorders

16/08/2016

Brain scans have revealed how a genetic mutation linked to major psychiatric disorders affects the structure, function and chemistry of the brain.
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Image: Young asian women is coughing in the street; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Leung Cho Pan

Rapid bacterial infection test reduces antibiotic use

11/08/2016

Researchers from the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Vietnam have shown that using a rapid (5-minute) test can reduce antibiotic misuse for respiratory infections. Cutting the number of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions is a key way to prevent the spread of antibiotic-resistant infections.
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Image: The word

Prize for research into speeding up stroke diagnosis

20/07/2016

A mathematician at the University of Strathclyde has shared in a prestigious prize for research into methods for accelerating the diagnosis of strokes.
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Image: A graphic that shows the new invention; Copyright: Nano Lab, Tufts University

A thread that collects diagnostic data when sutured into tissue

19/07/2016

For the first time, researchers led by Tufts University engineers have integrated nano-scale sensors, electronics and microfluidics into threads - ranging from simple cotton to sophisticated synthetics - that can be sutured through multiple layers of tissue to gather diagnostic data wirelessly in real time, according to a paper published in Microsystems & Nanoengineering.
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Image: Two pictures (A and B) of brain scans. The perfusion of blood throughout the brain is highlited in different colors; Copyright: Radiological Society of North America

Artificial intelligence may aid in Alzheimer's diagnosis

08/07/2016

Researchers in The Netherlands have coupled machine learning methods with a special MRI technique that measures the perfusion, or tissue absorption rate, of blood throughout the brain to detect early forms of dementia, such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI)., according to a new study published online in the journal Radiology.
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Experts call for standard list of essential diagnostic tests

01/07/2016

Similar to long-established list of essential medicines, a standard list of essential diagnostic test could help improve capacity and quality of testing in developing nations.
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Photo: Local laboratory technicians work with mobile microscopes.

Phone-based microscopes for rural areas

01/07/2016

Handheld, mobile phone-based microscopes can be used in developing countries after minimal training of community laboratory technicians to diagnose intestinal parasites quickly and accurately.
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Photo: female physician smiles

In doctors we trust - especially when they admit to bias

22/06/2016

A doctor's guidance may reassure us more than we realize -especially if she says she is likely to recommend treatment in her field of expertise, known as "specialty bias."
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Photo: a coin lays on a micro chip

Scientific gains may make electronic nose the next everyday device

20/06/2016

Researchers at the Texas Analog Center of Excellence (TxACE) at UT Dallas are working to develop an affordable electronic nose that can be used in breath analysis for a wide range of health diagnosis.
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Photo: A number of small glass vials in a rack in a lab

3-D hydrogel biochips detect bowel cancer at early stages

03/06/2016

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), the Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology (EIMB RAS), the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry (IBCh) and a number of other Russian research centers have developed a new method of diagnosing colorectal cancer. The results of the study have been published in Cancer Medicine.
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