Image: Many wires in different colors, shaped like a brain; Copyright: Radiological Society of North America

Head impacts lead to brain changes in high school football players

29/11/2016

Brain imaging exams performed on high school football players after just one season revealed changes in both the gray and white matter that correlated with exposure to head impacts, according to a new study that will be presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
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Photo: cells under a microscope; Copyright: The American Journal of Pathology

Promise for treatment of Graves' disease and other ocular disorders

11/11/2016

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands that block myofibroblast formation and collagen production in thyroid eye disease may be the key, according to a new report in The American Journal of Pathology.
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Photo: graphic of an undernourished heart; Copyright: Dr.Peter Nathanielsz/Dr.Geoffrey Clarke

Poor nutrition during pregnancy can cause early aging of baby's heart

10/11/2016

New research has shown that the child of a slightly undernourished mother is more likely to suffer early aging of the heart.
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Photo: older couple making smoothie; Copyright: panthermedia.net / Dmitriy Shironosov

Exercise and healthy diets associated with better cognitive functioning

09/11/2016

Findings published this week in the Journal of Public Health reveal that both younger and older Canadian adults who engage in regular physical activity, consume more fruits and vegetables and are normal weight or overweight have overall better cognitive functioning.
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Image: a tray of Zika virus growing in animal cells; Copyright:  Huy Mach

Antibody protects developing fetus from Zika virus

08/11/2016

The most devastating consequence of Zika virus infection is the development of microcephaly in babies who were infected in utero. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Vanderbilt University School of Medicine have identified a human antibody that prevents, in pregnant mice, the fetus from becoming infected with Zika and damage of the placenta.
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Photo: Elderly woman trying to sleep; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Tom Baker

Cognitive behavioral therapy effective for older people with insomnia

08/11/2016

Insomnia is the most common sleep problem in adults - as many as 30 percent to 50 percent of people report having trouble sleeping. For older adults, insomnia can often be chronic and is linked to other serious health conditions. Older adults who have difficulty sleeping are also at higher risk for depression, falls, stroke, and trouble with memory and thinking.
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Image: Laundry basket with dirty bedding on a bed; Copyright:  panthermedia.net / littleny

Dirty laundry may cause environmental contamination

07/11/2016

A new paper published in FEMS Microbiology Letters, resulting from an investigation of a laundry facility that services several Seattle-area hospitals, suggests that soiled clinical linens may be a source of surface Clostridium difficile contamination.
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Image: Night sky with symbold for male and female, connected with lines; Copyright:  Roland Roberts, and Steven Valkenberg, Flickr

Study finds female scientists collaborate differently

07/11/2016

Succeeding in the male-dominated science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines can be very challenging for female faculty. Now, a Northwestern University study of the collaboration patterns of STEM faculty has found that the playing fields in some disciplines are not as level as they first appear.
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Image: Stethoscope and dollar bills on a piece of paper with the words

Patients weigh in on orthopedic surgeons' pay, reimbursement

26/10/2016

Most patients do not think an orthopedic surgeon is overpaid but they greatly exaggerate how much a surgeon is reimbursed by Medicare for performing knee surgery, according to a study of patient perceptions by Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.
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Image: Different pills laying on a table; Copyright: panthermedia.net / motorolka

Computational method identifies existing drugs with virus-fighting potential

30/09/2016

A new, computer-based screening method could reveal the virus-fighting potential of drugs originally developed to treat other conditions, reports a study in PLOS Computational Biology.
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Image:Mosquitos being removed from their cage; Copyright: Maya Tree

Protein in mosquito spit can keep Dengue virus in check

30/09/2016

Mosquito saliva influences transmission of viruses to a bitten mammalian host. For example, it contains factors that dampen the host immune response and so facilitate infection. A study published in PLOS NTDs reports on a saliva protein with the opposite effect.
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Image: Graphic of blood in the venes; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ezuimages

New strategy identified for treating acute myeloid leukemia

29/09/2016

A multi-institutional academic and industry research team led by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute has identified a promising new approach to the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
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Image: Child playing with boxes on dusty floor; Copyright: Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University

Potentially harmful chemicals widespread in household dust

29/09/2016

First-of-a-kind study reveals top 10 consumer product chemicals in dust with known or suspected health impacts.
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Graphic: Bridge connecting EU and Russia; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Alexander Kharchenko

Is the Russia crisis also a crisis for medical technology?

01/10/2015

The Ukrainian political turmoil has been keeping the world in suspense since 2013. It has also caused growing tensions between Russia on the one hand and the U.S. and EU on the other hand. Both sides try to pressure each other with sanctions against individuals, international financial transactions and whole industry branches.
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Small companions: How wearables change our lives

01/09/2015

They can be seen everywhere: at the wrists, in the ear, clipped to the belt. Wearables are small technical assistants who are built to collect and partially also to analyze data. Some of them collect measurable health data, others "only" count their user’s steps or measure the surrounding UV radiation. The fact is, however, that wearables are en vogue and are used for many different cases.
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Photo: Breast implants

Medical Devices Directive: Inspected and still not safe

22/04/2015

The Medical Devices Directive defines what constitutes a medical device. At the same time, it inspects and monitors. However, scandals in the medical technology industry keep causing uncertainty. They rekindled debate over the safety and transparency of medical devices and also triggered changes on an international level. As a result, new laws are needed more than ever.
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Euthanasia – A Human Right?

01/12/2014

Several weeks ago on November 1, 2014, 29-year-old Brittany Maynard, who suffered from terminal brain cancer, took drugs to end her life surrounded by her family. This was preceded by months of despair and anguish, but also by love and a lust for life as the young woman describes in several videos she recorded to fight for the right to die with dignity.
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Making Your Own End-of-Life Decisions: “All options of palliative care, pain management and continued life need to have been explained to the patient“

01/12/2014

How does a physician handle a patient, who wants to die and what rights do I actually have as a patient? Legal practitioners do not automatically answer these and other questions. We talked about this subject with MD-PhD Ralf Jox from the Institute of Ethics, History and Theory of Medicine at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany.
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Photo: Dr. Anna-Maria Liphardt

Laboratory in Space: Hot on the Trails of Cartilage Degradation

01/10/2014

On November 10, 2014, astronaut Alexander Gerst will return to Earth from the International Space Station (ISS). He is not just anxiously expected by his family, but also by Dr. Anna-Maria Liphardt from the Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopedics at the German Sport University Cologne
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Pediatric anesthesia: "I would object to a specialty medical training"

01/09/2014

When very young children already need to be in the operating room, it’s not just the parents that are concerned. This type of situation is a special challenge for the entire operating team, because children are always very special patients - especially since they are not just simply small grown-ups!
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Photo: Physician talks to a girl

"Pediatric conditions often require pediatric-specific engineering"

10/03/2014

Children are not just small adults and they cannot be treated as such. Physicians have recognized this but manufacturers of medical devices have a hard time here: the market for pediatric medical devices is very small and researchers have difficulties to turn their ideas into commercially successful products.
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